Chapter 10 Chimeric mouse embryo (10X Genomics)

10.1 Introduction

This performs an analysis of the Pijuan-Sala et al. (2019) dataset on mouse gastrulation. Here, we examine chimeric embryos at the E8.5 stage of development where td-Tomato-positive embryonic stem cells (ESCs) were injected into a wild-type blastocyst.

10.2 Data loading

## class: SingleCellExperiment 
## dim: 29453 20935 
## metadata(0):
## assays(1): counts
## rownames(29453): ENSMUSG00000051951 ENSMUSG00000089699 ...
##   ENSMUSG00000095742 tomato-td
## rowData names(2): ENSEMBL SYMBOL
## colnames(20935): cell_9769 cell_9770 ... cell_30702 cell_30703
## colData names(11): cell barcode ... doub.density sizeFactor
## reducedDimNames(2): pca.corrected.E7.5 pca.corrected.E8.5
## mainExpName: NULL
## altExpNames(0):

10.3 Quality control

Quality control on the cells has already been performed by the authors, so we will not repeat it here. We additionally remove cells that are labelled as stripped nuclei or doublets.

10.4 Normalization

We use the pre-computed size factors in sce.chimera.

10.5 Variance modelling

We retain all genes with any positive biological component, to preserve as much signal as possible across a very heterogeneous dataset.

Per-gene variance as a function of the mean for the log-expression values in the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset. Each point represents a gene (black) with the mean-variance trend (blue) fitted to the variances.

Figure 10.1: Per-gene variance as a function of the mean for the log-expression values in the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset. Each point represents a gene (black) with the mean-variance trend (blue) fitted to the variances.

Per-gene variance as a function of the mean for the log-expression values in the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset. Each point represents a gene (black) with the mean-variance trend (blue) fitted to the variances.

Figure 10.2: Per-gene variance as a function of the mean for the log-expression values in the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset. Each point represents a gene (black) with the mean-variance trend (blue) fitted to the variances.

Per-gene variance as a function of the mean for the log-expression values in the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset. Each point represents a gene (black) with the mean-variance trend (blue) fitted to the variances.

Figure 10.3: Per-gene variance as a function of the mean for the log-expression values in the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset. Each point represents a gene (black) with the mean-variance trend (blue) fitted to the variances.

10.6 Merging

We use a hierarchical merge to first merge together replicates with the same genotype, and then merge samples across different genotypes.

We use the percentage of variance lost as a diagnostic:

##              5         6         7         8        9       10
## [1,] 0.000e+00 0.0204433 0.000e+00 0.0169567 0.000000 0.000000
## [2,] 0.000e+00 0.0007389 0.000e+00 0.0004409 0.000000 0.015474
## [3,] 3.090e-02 0.0000000 2.012e-02 0.0000000 0.000000 0.000000
## [4,] 9.024e-05 0.0000000 8.272e-05 0.0000000 0.018047 0.000000
## [5,] 4.321e-03 0.0072518 4.124e-03 0.0078280 0.003831 0.007786

10.7 Clustering

We examine the distribution of cells across clusters and samples.

##        Sample
## Cluster   5   6   7   8   9  10
##      1   77  19  56  50 131  60
##      2  148  37 133 110 231 216
##      3   98  16 165 128 369 273
##      4  185 115 328 593 460 547
##      5  135  72 322 594 296 778
##      6  212  53 344 203 536 612
##      7  149  73  86  86 163 383
##      8  133  97 110  66 162 313
##      9   84  21  79  35 170 213
##      10 174  45 219 182 211 381
##      11  97  19  36  18  50  35
##      12 111  41  45  35  40 147
##      13 123  64  62  51  63 140
##      14 157  78 130 104 164 436
##      15 110  69  72  96 127 253
##      16  43  35  82  80  85 354
##      17  77  43 191 118 329 487
##      18  47  22  82  51  87 130
##      19  39  41  50  48 128 125
##      20   1   5   0  84   0  66
##      21  18   7  13  17  20  37
##      22  58  29  90  79  81 188
##      23   9   7  18  13  30  27
##      24  11  15  20   9  47  57
##      25   2   1   7   3  77 138
##      26   0   2   0  51   0   5

10.8 Dimensionality reduction

We use an external algorithm to compute nearest neighbors for greater speed.

Obligatory $t$-SNE plots of the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset, where each point represents a cell and is colored according to the assigned cluster (top) or sample of origin (bottom).

Figure 10.4: Obligatory \(t\)-SNE plots of the Pijuan-Sala chimeric mouse embryo dataset, where each point represents a cell and is colored according to the assigned cluster (top) or sample of origin (bottom).

Session Info

R version 4.2.0 RC (2022-04-21 r82226)
Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
Running under: Ubuntu 20.04.4 LTS

Matrix products: default
BLAS:   /home/biocbuild/bbs-3.16-bioc/R/lib/libRblas.so
LAPACK: /home/biocbuild/bbs-3.16-bioc/R/lib/libRlapack.so

locale:
 [1] LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NUMERIC=C              
 [3] LC_TIME=en_GB              LC_COLLATE=C              
 [5] LC_MONETARY=en_US.UTF-8    LC_MESSAGES=en_US.UTF-8   
 [7] LC_PAPER=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NAME=C                 
 [9] LC_ADDRESS=C               LC_TELEPHONE=C            
[11] LC_MEASUREMENT=en_US.UTF-8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=C       

attached base packages:
[1] stats4    stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods  
[8] base     

other attached packages:
 [1] batchelor_1.13.0             scran_1.25.0                
 [3] scater_1.25.1                ggplot2_3.3.6               
 [5] scuttle_1.7.2                MouseGastrulationData_1.11.0
 [7] SpatialExperiment_1.7.0      SingleCellExperiment_1.19.0 
 [9] SummarizedExperiment_1.27.1  Biobase_2.57.1              
[11] GenomicRanges_1.49.0         GenomeInfoDb_1.33.3         
[13] IRanges_2.31.0               S4Vectors_0.35.0            
[15] BiocGenerics_0.43.0          MatrixGenerics_1.9.0        
[17] matrixStats_0.62.0           BiocStyle_2.25.0            
[19] rebook_1.7.0                

loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
  [1] AnnotationHub_3.5.0           BiocFileCache_2.5.0          
  [3] igraph_1.3.1                  BiocParallel_1.31.4          
  [5] digest_0.6.29                 BumpyMatrix_1.5.0            
  [7] htmltools_0.5.2               viridis_0.6.2                
  [9] magick_2.7.3                  fansi_1.0.3                  
 [11] magrittr_2.0.3                memoise_2.0.1                
 [13] ScaledMatrix_1.5.0            cluster_2.1.3                
 [15] limma_3.53.2                  Biostrings_2.65.0            
 [17] R.utils_2.11.0                colorspace_2.0-3             
 [19] blob_1.2.3                    rappdirs_0.3.3               
 [21] ggrepel_0.9.1                 xfun_0.31                    
 [23] dplyr_1.0.9                   crayon_1.5.1                 
 [25] RCurl_1.98-1.6                jsonlite_1.8.0               
 [27] graph_1.75.0                  glue_1.6.2                   
 [29] gtable_0.3.0                  zlibbioc_1.43.0              
 [31] XVector_0.37.0                DelayedArray_0.23.0          
 [33] BiocSingular_1.13.0           DropletUtils_1.17.0          
 [35] Rhdf5lib_1.19.2               HDF5Array_1.25.0             
 [37] scales_1.2.0                  DBI_1.1.2                    
 [39] edgeR_3.39.1                  Rcpp_1.0.8.3                 
 [41] viridisLite_0.4.0             xtable_1.8-4                 
 [43] dqrng_0.3.0                   bit_4.0.4                    
 [45] rsvd_1.0.5                    ResidualMatrix_1.7.0         
 [47] metapod_1.5.0                 httr_1.4.3                   
 [49] dir.expiry_1.5.0              ellipsis_0.3.2               
 [51] farver_2.1.0                  pkgconfig_2.0.3              
 [53] XML_3.99-0.9                  R.methodsS3_1.8.1            
 [55] uwot_0.1.11                   CodeDepends_0.6.5            
 [57] sass_0.4.1                    dbplyr_2.1.1                 
 [59] locfit_1.5-9.5                utf8_1.2.2                   
 [61] labeling_0.4.2                tidyselect_1.1.2             
 [63] rlang_1.0.2                   later_1.3.0                  
 [65] AnnotationDbi_1.59.1          munsell_0.5.0                
 [67] BiocVersion_3.16.0            tools_4.2.0                  
 [69] cachem_1.0.6                  cli_3.3.0                    
 [71] generics_0.1.2                RSQLite_2.2.14               
 [73] ExperimentHub_2.5.0           evaluate_0.15                
 [75] stringr_1.4.0                 fastmap_1.1.0                
 [77] yaml_2.3.5                    knitr_1.39                   
 [79] bit64_4.0.5                   purrr_0.3.4                  
 [81] KEGGREST_1.37.0               sparseMatrixStats_1.9.0      
 [83] mime_0.12                     R.oo_1.24.0                  
 [85] compiler_4.2.0                beeswarm_0.4.0               
 [87] filelock_1.0.2                curl_4.3.2                   
 [89] png_0.1-7                     interactiveDisplayBase_1.35.0
 [91] statmod_1.4.36                tibble_3.1.7                 
 [93] bslib_0.3.1                   stringi_1.7.6                
 [95] highr_0.9                     lattice_0.20-45              
 [97] bluster_1.7.0                 Matrix_1.4-1                 
 [99] vctrs_0.4.1                   pillar_1.7.0                 
[101] lifecycle_1.0.1               rhdf5filters_1.9.0           
[103] BiocManager_1.30.18           jquerylib_0.1.4              
[105] BiocNeighbors_1.15.0          cowplot_1.1.1                
[107] bitops_1.0-7                  irlba_2.3.5                  
[109] httpuv_1.6.5                  R6_2.5.1                     
[111] bookdown_0.26                 promises_1.2.0.1             
[113] gridExtra_2.3                 vipor_0.4.5                  
[115] codetools_0.2-18              assertthat_0.2.1             
[117] rhdf5_2.41.0                  rjson_0.2.21                 
[119] withr_2.5.0                   GenomeInfoDbData_1.2.8       
[121] parallel_4.2.0                grid_4.2.0                   
[123] beachmat_2.13.0               rmarkdown_2.14               
[125] DelayedMatrixStats_1.19.0     Rtsne_0.16                   
[127] shiny_1.7.1                   ggbeeswarm_0.6.0             

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References

Pijuan-Sala, B., J. A. Griffiths, C. Guibentif, T. W. Hiscock, W. Jawaid, F. J. Calero-Nieto, C. Mulas, et al. 2019. “A Single-Cell Molecular Map of Mouse Gastrulation and Early Organogenesis.” Nature 566 (7745): 490–95.