Setup

1. Introduction

The geom_facet function provided in the ggtree package (Yu et al. 2017) was designed to align associated graphs to the tree (Yu et al. 2018). It only works with rectangular, roundrect, ellipse and slanted layouts to present tree data on external panels. To extend ggtree to present associated data on the outer rings of phylogenetic tree in circular, fan and radial layouts, we developed ggtreeExtra, which is able to align associated graphs with a tree in rectangular, circular, fan and radial layouts.

The ggtreeExtra package provides a function, geom_fruit, to align graphs to a tree. The associated graphs will align at different positions of the external panels of the tree. We also developed geom_fruit_list to add multiple layers at the same external panel of tree. Furthermore, axis of an external layer can be added using the axis.params=list(axis="x",...) in geom_fruit. Background grid lines of an external layer can be added using the grid.params=list() in geom_fruit. These functions are based on ggplot2 and support using grammar of graphics (Wickham 2016). See also Chapter10 of the online book.

2. Install

You can use the following commands to install it

3. Usage

To demonstrate the usages of the package, we use a tree file downloaded from plotTree with simulated associated datasets. All the simulated datasets contain one column of taxa labels of the tree.

3.1 add single layer

ID Location Length Group Abundance
DE0655_HCMC_2001 HK 0.1786629 Yes 12.331055
MS0111_HCMC_1996 HK 0.2105236 Yes 9.652052
MS0063_HCMC_1995 HK 1.4337983 Yes 11.584822
DE0490_HCMC_2000 HK 0.3823731 Yes 7.893231
DE0885_HCMC_2001 HK 0.8478901 Yes 12.117232
DE0891_HCMC_2001 HK 1.5038646 Yes 10.819734
ID Pos Type
DE0846_HCMC_2001 8 type2
MS0034_HCMC_1995 8 type2
EG1017_HCMC_2009 6 type2
KH18_HCMC_2009 5 type2
10365_HCMC_2010 7 type2
EG1021_HCMC_2009 1 type1
ID Type2 Alpha
MS0004_HCMC_1995 p3 0.2256195
DE1150_HCMC_2002 p2 0.2222086
MS0048_HCMC_1995 p2 0.1881510
HUE57_HCMC_2010 p3 0.1939088
DE1486_HCMC_2002 p2 0.2018493
DE1165_HCMC_2002 p3 0.1812997


## Next, we can use %<+% of ggtree to add annotation dataset to tree.
#p1 <- p %<+% dat1
#p1
## We use geom_star to add point layer outside of tree.
#p2 <- p1 + 
#      geom_star(
#          mapping=aes(fill=Location, size=Length, starshape=Group),
#          starstroke=0.2
#      ) +
#      scale_size_continuous(
#          range=c(1, 3),
#          guide=guide_legend(
#                     keywidth=0.5, 
#                     keyheight=0.5, 
#                     override.aes=list(starshape=15), 
#                     order=2)
#      ) + 
#      scale_fill_manual(
#          values=c("#F8766D", "#C49A00", "#53B400", "#00C094", "#00B6EB", "#A58AFF", "#FB61D7"),
#          guide="none" # don't show the legend.
#      ) + 
#      scale_starshape_manual(
#          values=c(1, 15),
#          guide=guide_legend(
#                    keywidth=0.5, # adjust width of legend
#                    keyheight=0.5, # adjust height of legend
#                    order=1 # adjust the order of legend for multiple legends.
#                ),
#          na.translate=FALSE # to remove the NA legend.
#      ) 
#p2

# Or if you don't use %<+% to import annotation dataset, instead of `data` parameter of `geom_fruit`. 

# You should specify the column contained tip labels to y axis of `mapping`, here is `y=ID`.

# the `position` parameter was set to `identity` to add the points on the tip nodes.
p2 <- p + 
      geom_fruit(
          data=dat1,
          geom=geom_star,
          mapping=aes(y=ID, fill=Location, size=Length, starshape=Group),
          position="identity",
          starstroke=0.2
      ) + 
      scale_size_continuous(
          range=c(1, 3), # the range of size.
          guide=guide_legend(
                    keywidth=0.5, 
                    keyheight=0.5,
                    override.aes=list(starshape=15),
                    order=2
                )
      ) +
      scale_fill_manual(
          values=c("#F8766D", "#C49A00", "#53B400", "#00C094", "#00B6EB", "#A58AFF", "#FB61D7"),
          guide="none" 
      ) + 
      scale_starshape_manual(
          values=c(1, 15),
          guide=guide_legend(
                    keywidth=0.5,
                    keyheight=0.5,
                    order=1
                )
      )
p2


# You can also add heatmap layer for continuous values.
p4 <- p3 + 
      new_scale_fill() +
      geom_fruit(
          data=dat3,
          geom=geom_tile,
          mapping=aes(y=ID, x=Type2, alpha=Alpha, fill=Type2),
          pwidth=0.15,
          axis.params=list(
                          axis="x", # add axis text of the layer.
                          text.angle=-45, # the text angle of x-axis.
                          hjust=0  # adjust the horizontal position of text of axis.
                      )
      ) +
      scale_fill_manual(
          values=c("#b22222", "#005500", "#0000be", "#9f1f9f"),
          guide=guide_legend(keywidth=0.5, keyheight=0.5, order=4)
      ) +
      scale_alpha_continuous(
          range=c(0, 0.4), # the range of alpha
          guide=guide_legend(keywidth=0.5, keyheight=0.5, order=5)
      ) 

# Then add a bar layer outside of the tree.
p5 <- p4 + 
      new_scale_fill() +
      geom_fruit(
          data=dat1,
          geom=geom_bar,
          mapping=aes(y=ID, x=Abundance, fill=Location),  #The 'Abundance' of 'dat1' will be mapped to x
          pwidth=0.4,
          stat="identity",
          orientation="y", # the orientation of axis.
          axis.params=list(
                          axis="x", # add axis text of the layer.
                          text.angle=-45, # the text size of axis.
                          hjust=0  # adjust the horizontal position of text of axis.
                      ),
          grid.params=list() # add the grid line of the external bar plot.
      ) + 
      scale_fill_manual(
          values=c("#F8766D", "#C49A00", "#53B400", "#00C094", "#00B6EB", "#A58AFF", "#FB61D7"),
          guide=guide_legend(keywidth=0.5, keyheight=0.5, order=6)
      ) +
      theme(#legend.position=c(0.96, 0.5), # the position of legend.
          legend.background=element_rect(fill=NA), # the background of legend.
          legend.title=element_text(size=7), # the title size of legend.
          legend.text=element_text(size=6), # the text size of legend.
          legend.spacing.y = unit(0.02, "cm")  # the distance of legends (y orientation).
      ) 
p5

3.2 add multiple layers on the same position.

In the section, we simulated a tree with several associated datasets, and used geom_fruit_list to add multiple layers at the same external panel of the tree.

4. Need helps?

If you have any questions/issues, please visit github issue tracker. You also can post to google group. Users are highly recommended to subscribe to the mailing list.

5. Session information

Here is the output of sessionInfo() on the system on which this document was compiled:

#> R version 4.1.1 (2021-08-10)
#> Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)
#> Running under: Ubuntu 20.04.2 LTS
#> 
#> Matrix products: default
#> BLAS:   /home/biocbuild/bbs-3.14-bioc/R/lib/libRblas.so
#> LAPACK: /home/biocbuild/bbs-3.14-bioc/R/lib/libRlapack.so
#> 
#> locale:
#>  [1] LC_CTYPE=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NUMERIC=C              
#>  [3] LC_TIME=en_GB              LC_COLLATE=C              
#>  [5] LC_MONETARY=en_US.UTF-8    LC_MESSAGES=en_US.UTF-8   
#>  [7] LC_PAPER=en_US.UTF-8       LC_NAME=C                 
#>  [9] LC_ADDRESS=C               LC_TELEPHONE=C            
#> [11] LC_MEASUREMENT=en_US.UTF-8 LC_IDENTIFICATION=C       
#> 
#> attached base packages:
#> [1] stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods   base     
#> 
#> other attached packages:
#> [1] ggnewscale_0.4.5  treeio_1.17.2     ggtree_3.1.4      ggplot2_3.3.5    
#> [5] ggstar_1.0.2      ggtreeExtra_1.3.6
#> 
#> loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
#>  [1] prettydoc_0.4.1    tidyselect_1.1.1   xfun_0.25          bslib_0.3.0       
#>  [5] purrr_0.3.4        lattice_0.20-44    ggfun_0.0.3        colorspace_2.0-2  
#>  [9] vctrs_0.3.8        generics_0.1.0     htmltools_0.5.2    yaml_2.2.1        
#> [13] utf8_1.2.2         gridGraphics_0.5-1 rlang_0.4.11       jquerylib_0.1.4   
#> [17] pillar_1.6.2       withr_2.4.2        glue_1.4.2         DBI_1.1.1         
#> [21] lifecycle_1.0.0    stringr_1.4.0      munsell_0.5.0      gtable_0.3.0      
#> [25] evaluate_0.14      labeling_0.4.2     knitr_1.33.5       fastmap_1.1.0     
#> [29] parallel_4.1.1     fansi_0.5.0        highr_0.9          Rcpp_1.0.7        
#> [33] scales_1.1.1       jsonlite_1.7.2     farver_2.1.0       gridExtra_2.3     
#> [37] digest_0.6.27      aplot_0.1.0        stringi_1.7.4      dplyr_1.0.7       
#> [41] grid_4.1.1         tools_4.1.1        yulab.utils_0.0.2  magrittr_2.0.1    
#> [45] sass_0.4.0         lazyeval_0.2.2     patchwork_1.1.1    tibble_3.1.4      
#> [49] tidyr_1.1.3        crayon_1.4.1       ape_5.5            pkgconfig_2.0.3   
#> [53] tidytree_0.3.5     ellipsis_0.3.2     ggplotify_0.1.0    assertthat_0.2.1  
#> [57] rmarkdown_2.10     R6_2.5.1           nlme_3.1-153       compiler_4.1.1

6. Reference

Wickham, Hadley. 2016. Ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis. Springer-Verlag New York. https://ggplot2.tidyverse.org.

Yu, Guangchuang, Tommy Tsan-Yuk Lam, Huachen Zhu, and Yi Guan. 2018. “Two Methods for Mapping and Visualizing Associated Data on Phylogeny Using Ggtree.” Molecular Biology and Evolution 35 (2): 3041–3. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msy194.

Yu, Guangchuang, David Smith, Huachen Zhu, Yi Guan, and Tommy Tsan-Yuk Lam. 2017. “Ggtree: An R Package for Visualization and Annotation of Phylogenetic Trees with Their Covariates and Other Associated Data.” Methods in Ecology and Evolution 8 (1): 28–36. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12628.